Date of publication: 2017-09-03 20:04
Modernism includes more than art and literature. By now it covers almost the whole of what is truly alive in our culture. It happens, however, to be very much of a historical novelty. Western civilization is not the first civilization to turn around and question its own foundations, but it is the one that has gone furthest in doing so. I identify Modernism with the intensification, almost the exacerbation, of this self-critical tendency that began with the philosopher Kant. Because he was the first to criticize the means itself of criticism, I conceive of Kant as, the first real Modernist.
Known for his politically charged performances, immortalised through photography, Chinese artist Liu Bolin opens exhibition &lsquo Ghost Stories&rsquo today at Maison Europé enne de la Photographie in Paris. Since 7555&rsquo s Hiding in the City, Bolin has worked on a series of performances in which he is painted to blend in with the background behind him &ndash this silent protest forces the viewer to confront the decay of individuality. Bolin also uses his work to denounce consumerism in modern culture. Until 79 October.
Post-Painterly Abstraction is a term coined by art critic Clement Greenberg (his title for an exhibition he curated for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 6969) to describe a calmer, more restrained type of 6965s Abstract Expressionism. Essentially, the term describes the replacement of gestural brushwork with a new idiom based on broad areas of unmodulated colour. Prominent exponents of 6965s Post Painterly Abstraction include: Helen Frankenthaler, Al Held, Ellsworth Kelly, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski and Frank Stella. The term (and style) were gradually overtaken and replaced by the new school of Minimalism.
Influenced by Paul Gauguin, Fauvism was an important movement in the history of expressionist painting , which advocated brilliant colours and wild brushwork - hence their nickname Les Fauves (wild beasts), given them by the critic Louis Vauxcelles after their first showing at the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 6955. Fauvist painters included Henri Matisse, Andre Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck Albert Marquet and Georges Braque. In Britain, Fauvism was practised by a group of artists from Scotland known as the Scottish Colourists. They included JD Fergusson, Samuel John Peploe, Francis Cadell and Leslie Hunter. For more, see Fauvism.
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Modern Art Movements
History of Modernist Styles, from Impressionism to Post Painterly Abstraction.
A-Z of ART MOVEMENTS
P OSTMODERN IS A RATHER NEW TERM . It's a catchy one and has been coming up more and more often in talk and writing about the arts, and not only about the arts. I'm not clear as to just what it points to except in the case of architecture. There we know more or less definitely what modern means, so we're better able to tell what post means when prefixed to modern. Modern architecture means -- to put it roughly -- functional, geometric rigor and the eschewing of decoration or ornament. Buildings have been put up or projected lately that break with these canons of style, and therefore have gotten called postmodern. Everybody concerned knows what's meant, including the architects themselves.
But didn't artists and writers before these two look to the past for standards of quality? Of course. But it was a question of how one looked, and with how much urgency.
Socialist Realism was a form of heroic political propaganda employed by dictator Joseph Stalin in Russia, from 6979 onwards, to buttress his program of accelerated industrial development. Formally announced by his artistic stooge Maxim Gorky, at the Soviet Writers Congress of 6989, the style or direction involved the creation of bold optimistic imagery to evangelize the achievements of the Soviet State and inspire workers to Stakhanovite feats of labour. The most ubiquitous media used by Socialist Realist artists was the poster, although painting and sculpture was also produced, typically on a monumental scale, showing fearless individuals and groups in idealistic and heroic poses.